Thursday, November 28, 2019
Tomorrows leader term paper free essay sample
How to become an effective leader? Perhaps you may have to possess at least one of the attributes. In this paper, interpersonal communication would be discussed and elaborated. Interpersonal communication has a great deal of definitions. It is defined as an interactive face-to-face process between two people, in which oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personal characteristics, relationship with another and social status can be reflected (Hartley, 1993). However, on the other hand, some experts express interpersonal communication as a process, which gives everyone an equal opportunity to influence one another, under the situation that everyone endeavors to sway the others (Emmert, 1984). From the above two definitions, we know that interpersonal communication requires the existence of two or more people in the same space while the social roles is not important in the process yet it can be delivered to others via the conversation. Besides that, the relationship between the deliverer and the receiver can be reflected through the way of expressing idea or even enhanced by dialogue. We will write a custom essay sample on Tomorrows leader term paper or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page How is the concept of social roles permeated through the speech? For instance, when followers are speaking to their bosses, they will speak politely; they will mind their wording; and they will address him deferentially. From another aspect, when bosses are giving an order or admonishing subordinates, they will also speak in a courteous manner too to show their respect towards the subordinates whereas their intonation would be sometimes agitated. By listening to the intonation throughout the communication, the social roles of the recipient and the deliverer can be figured out. There are also a massive number of theories regarding interpersonal communication and they are divided into three areas: individually centered theories, interaction centered theories and relationship centered theories (Bylund, Peterson and Cameron, 2012). They are Goals-Plans-Action Theory, Uncertainty Reduction Theory, Uncertainty Management Theory, Action Assembly Theory, Communication Accommodation Theory, Facework and Politeness Theory, Speech Codes Theory, Social Penetration Theory and Communication Privacy Management Theory. For the Social Penetration Theory, it teaches us how to make friends in the first meeting and even make a relationship evolve. When we first meet a stranger, whom we may like to make friends with, we will communicate and exchange information through bilateral appearance such as height, dressing style. Even more, when we begin to talk with the strangers, we would like to ask them something like their hobbies, favorites amongst others. Indeed, in the orientation stage, we will begin speaking with cliche and continue the topic with some questions that aim to understand the target more, not too shallow but not too deep either. If a person intends to talk something about oneÃ¢â¬â¢s privacy, the receiving party may marvel the deliverer and thus the stages stated in the Social Penetration Theory cannot be demonstrated. This theory implies that the four stages expressed must happen one by one and no one should intend to interrupt the original developing pace of a relationship. Besides that, Social Penetration Theory consists of breadth (quantity of theme conferred) and depth (how private is the information delivered). In fact, it is unnecessary for elements, breadth and depth, to appear in the conversations at the same time. It depends on the relationship between the speech giver and the listener. For friends, it is fine only the breadth exists, on the other hand, for couples and married couples, it is ordinary that only depth exists. Among couples, the quality of the conversation is far more significant than the quantity as the purpose of communication between couples is to get acquainted with each other and increase the understanding of others on the habits, fears and other private information. The depth and the breadth of the topics discussed among people can show the relationship between one another and even the social roles of both recipients and message sender. It is because when one with a higher social role is communicating with one of a lower social role, their discussion topic would be widely spread but not in deep discussion. Furthermore, a boss will never tell the subordinates something that is private. How is the interpersonal communication related to leadership? To begin with, we must know how a leadership is established. Undeniably, a leadership must exist in an area with two or more people so that the leader can join forces. Yet, the leader should have a good communication skill in order to influence how the disciples think. To conclude, a good leader must have a good interpersonal communication skill. A successful leader will always deliver messages and listen to the followers for their need so that both parties are influencing each other. Through interpersonal communication, the boss can build up prestige through giving speech while the workers can strike for better working condition and return by bargaining with their boss. Besides that, through listening to the needs of the followers, the boss can show his respect to the subordinates and thus the followers would also show respect to the leaders. Part B: I was diagnosed as an Asperger Syndrome child when I was in the age of 6. Generally, a child with Asperger Syndrome will have a bit similar to autism; they will be by no means good at communicating with others and have a poor interpersonal relationship with others in the society. When I was in the primary school, I did not get a lot of or even no friends at all because I was not good at communicating with others. I remembered that when someone asked me some academic knowledge, I always shouted at my classmates and laughed at them for the reason that they were silly. As a result, they began to leave me alone and I did not make any friends in my primary school life. It is not only happened in my school life, it happened in my family life too. When I was answering my dadÃ¢â¬â¢s or mumÃ¢â¬â¢s questions, I used to answer them with an impolite tone that seem to be thinking that my dad and mum is annoying, which always made them feel angry. As mentioned in some articles, facial expression is a kind of non-verbal communication, in which I am especially weak at. I was not good at observing their facial expression and I continued to be happy and giggling, which further make them wrathful. Since I was not good at speculating their faces, I always create a nervous atmosphere in the daily life. Later on, my mum had consulted the doctor and began to teach me different types of communication skills. Firstly, my mum taught me to observe peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s facial expression via giving me different kinds of dramas and through some practices. As time passes, I start to know when to stop my smiling face and ridiculing speech so as to stop further conflicts between me and my father. Secondly, since I have mentioned I treat my classmates rudely, I had no friends in my primary school. To rectify this issue, my mum had decided to let me learn taking care of othersÃ¢â¬â¢ feelings in the conversation as communication is irreversible that we cannot delete the expressed thoughts and feelings. After several years, when I grew up into a high school boy, I have learnt that we have to always think twice before we decide to speak up. Now, I am always aware of my own words; I always remind myself not to hurt the others. Therefore, nowadays when I am talking to my classmates, especially girls, I would be careful not to use disrespectful words and not to say something that will let someone down or make them sad. Thirdly, I am also bad at organizing my communicationÃ¢â¬â¢s message so my friends and parents can hardly follow my thoughts and speech. Therefore, I begin to speak more and write more, trying to introduce my purpose of giving a speech in the first to second sentences of the whole conversation. In the past, my classmates always told me that they did not understand what I was talking whereas in the present time, my classmates still somehow ask me when they do not follow what I am speaking. Yet the number of times that they have asked me such a question has been reduced. It means my classmates find it easier to follow me since I have improved my organization and I have first planned how to say before I voice. To add up, I have lots of friends now and we usually keep in touch with one another by holding a gathering dinner. When we are discussing with one another in the Whatsapp group about places for dinner, I have suggested a restaurant that I would like to go whereas other friends have listed out other restaurants. In order to make them change the venue of the reunion dinner, I have used refined way of speaking to persuade my friends patiently. Eventually, they have accepted my request and went to the restaurant that I suggested. To a large extent, I think I have possessed the attribute, interpersonal communication. It is because I learn to take care of othersÃ¢â¬â¢ feelings, looking at othersÃ¢â¬â¢ facial expressions to see whether they are angry, sad or happy, followed by speaking suitable sentences. Besides that, I have learnt to respect others and use polite and dignified language instead of the rude one. Furthermore, I have learnt to recognize my purpose of speech before I voice and I can show that I am influencing the others through communication.